HTML Escape

Content to be encoded
Content to be decoded

Why Escape Characters in HTML?
Some characters in HTML have special meanings. For example, the "<"symbol is used to define the start of an HTML tag, and the "&" symbol is used to introduce character entities (special codes representing characters). If you want to display these characters literally on your webpage, you need to escape them to prevent the browser from interpreting them as code.

How Does HTML Escaping Work?
HTML escaping involves replacing these special characters with alternative representations that the browser understands as literal text. This is achieved using character entities.
    • Character Entities: Character entities consist of an ampersand (&), a name or a numeric reference, and a semicolon (;). For example, "&lt;" is the character entity for "&lt;" and "&amp;" is the entity for "&".

Here are some common characters that need escaping in HTML:
    • < (less than) - Escaped as &lt;
    • > (greater than) - Escaped as &gt;
    • & (ampersand) - Escaped as &amp;
    • " (double quote) - Escaped as &quot;
    • ' (single quote) - Escaped as &#39; (numeric entity)

Benefits of HTML Escaping
    • Correct Display: Ensures that special characters are shown as intended on the webpage and not misinterpreted as HTML code.
    • Prevents Scripting Attacks: Escaping certain characters can help prevent malicious scripts from being injected into your HTML. For instance, escaping "<" can prevent attackers from embedding script tags within your content.

How to Escape Characters in HTML?
There are two main ways to escape characters in HTML:
    • Using Named Character Entities: This method uses pre-defined entity names, as mentioned earlier. This is generally the preferred approach for readability.
    • Using Numeric Character References: This method uses a decimal or hexadecimal number to represent the character code. For example, &#60; represents "<" (decimal reference) and &#x3C; represents "<" (hexadecimal reference).